Working Collaboratively

Interest Focus :

Definition

Working collaboratively requires students to work together with their peers and/ or with adults to achieve a common goal or purpose.

Why Use it?/ What This Skill Develops...

Working collaboratively develops self-awareness about oneself and social awareness of the needs of others. By working collaboratively, students learn how to share materials and take turns. Working with others provides a shared benefit among all members in the group, as each has a role in completing a task successfully. Working collaboratively is interconnected with skills such as describing, discussing, explaining, reflecting, and evaluating.

Students

  • Willingly share ideas, questions, and experiences.
  • Willingly share materials with others.
  • Listen to their peers.  
  • Respond respectfully and appropriately to the actions, ideas, and opinions of others.
  • Take turns during small and large group activities.
  • Fulfill a variety of roles within small and large groups to complete a task.
  • Solve problems together as a group.
  • Reach consensus as a group.

Teachers

  • Model the process of sharing ideas and experiences and asking questions, and provide opportunities for students to practice. 
  • Discuss ways of sharing materials and provide students with opportunities to practice. 
  • Paraphrase what has been said, encourage students to establish eye contact between speaker and listener, and to let others speak without being interrupted.
  • Model respectful interactions through role-play scenarios (e.g., grabbing a shovel out of someone’s hand while they are using it is not appropriate, etc.). Encourage the students to contribute their ideas.
  • Discuss ways of taking turns and provide students with opportunities to practice this. Over time, look for self-regulation in turn taking.
  • In some cases, assign roles for a group, and, in other cases, encourage students to determine group roles for themselves.
  • Provide groups with problems that they can only solve by working together.
  • Have students practice reaching consensus in large and small group activities (e.g., what game to play as a class, picking a team colour, etc.).

INTERACT

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